The first train in Asia ran between Bombay and Thane Saturday, April 16, 1853. Indian The railways enter their 170th year of service to the Nation from April 16, 2022.
In 1900, the Indian Midland Railway Company merged with the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, predecessor of the Central Railway, and its borders were extended from Delhi in the north, Kanpur and Allahabad in the northeast and Nagpur in the east to Raichur in the southeast. Thus the connection of Bombay has been achieved with almost all parts of India.
Currently, there are five divisions on Central Railways i.e. Mumbai, Bhusaval, Nagpur, Solapur and Pune. Central Railway’s network spans 4,183 km of routes in the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.
To commemorate the first journey of railways in India, ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’, commemorating Railway Week and World Heritage Day (18th April 2022), Central Railway presents a unique sound and light show on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus ( CSMT) heritage building a UNESCO heritage site.
Anil Kumar Lahoti, Managing Director of Central Railway, said that to celebrate CSMT’s heritage and architecture, they are putting on a unique sound and light show in the background of this building.
The unique sound and light show is scheduled this weekend. The show would portray his story through the various emotions of the nine Rasas of ‘Natyashastra’.
Now, the new brilliance of CSMT’s heritage building themed lighting scheme can be seen through a change in the technology used to illuminate the iconic structure in the recent past. An upgraded version of LED that has over one million light combinations was used to illuminate the station building. The 134-year-old CSMT lit up with about 1100 lights. Of these 1100, more than 450 lights have decreased in brightness due to aging. All these 450 lights have been replaced by new technology LED lights.
“Navarasangam – Ek Gatha CSMT ki”, presents the Indian cultural canvas of 70 artists employed by the railways. The original audio track was also created by a team of railway artists. Artists would perform under the umbrella of the Central Railway Cultural Academy with inclusive participation from headquarters, divisions and workshops.
CSMT, the show that marked many stages of its existence
The current Central Railway Headquarters building popularly known as Victoria Terminus (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) is an architectural marvel. This magnificent monument was originally planned as the headquarters of the GIP Railway. This was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a consulting architect. Construction began in 1878 and on Jubilee Day in 1887 it was named after Queen Empress Victoria. So, taking nearly a decade to construct it for a princely sum of INR 16,13,863/- Stevens designed the monumental Terminus which was the tallest building then erected in Asia.
The Victoria Terminus was designed in the Gothic style adapted to the Indian context. The Gothic style, offering the color and intricacy of Mughal and Hindu architecture, harmonizes and most effectively references the native preference for ornamentation, making it the right choice of style for Victoria Terminus. The building is symmetrical with respect to the east-west axis.
The highlight of the whole building is the central main dome bearing as a finial at its top, a colossal 16′-6” tall figure of a lady pointing a flaming torch upwards in her right hand, and a low spoked wheel in the left hand, symbolizing “progress”. This dome has been reported to be the first octagonal ribbed masonry dome suitable for a building in the Italian Gothic style.
The first major modification took place in 1929. The old station, which adjoined it, was reserved for suburban traffic and had 6 platforms. In March 1929, when the Governor, Sir Frederick Sykes, opened the renovated VT, the station was remodeled to have 13 platforms, the last five being used exclusively for direct trains to and from various parts of the country. ‘India.
With the increase in suburban passenger traffic, first a double dump platform was fitted in May 1990 and in January 1991 all suburban platforms were made double dump. Further additions were made in February 1994 bringing the total number of platforms to 15. In March 1996 the station was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, and the building was listed as a World Heritage Monument by UNESCO in July 2004 as an outstanding example of late 19th Century Architecture. With a view to accommodating 24 coach train platforms, 16 to 18 were built with spacious parking and entrance from P D’Mello Road in September 2007. It was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in July 2017.
Current CSMT station:
CSMT is the first station in Maharashtra to achieve IGBC Gold certification in 2021. It is also an Eat Right certified station. Every day, about 48 pairs of long-distance trains and about 1200 commuter trains are processed at CSMT station.
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