Coal Miners Day is celebrated on May 4 to recognize the hard work of some of the great unsung heroes of the Industrial Revolution. Coal miners spend most of their days digging, tunneling and extracting coal from mines. They dig deep into the Earth to bring out the riches that help support our lives. Coal mining is one of the most difficult professions. The day is celebrated to show the appreciation of coal miners and honor their achievements.
All you need to know
Coal miners have worked for centuries, but they became very important during the Industrial Revolution between 1760 and 1840 when coal was used on a large scale to power stationary engines and locomotives and to heat buildings. Coal is a natural resource that accelerates economic and social development.
In India, coal mining began in 1774 when John Summer and Suetonius Grant Heatly of the East India Company began commercial exploration in the Raniganj coal field along the western banks of the Damodar River. The demand for coal increased after the introduction of steam locomotives by the railways in 1853. However, it was not a healthy place to work. There have been several incidents of extreme exploitation and massacres have taken place in coal mines in the name of profit.
Mining has made up a large part of the Indian economy. After independence, the Indian government focused more on the mining industry and growth based on the five-year plans.
At present, India has become one of the major reserves of coal, petroleum, natural gas and metallic and non-metallic minerals like bauxite, dolomite, fluorspar, gypsum, ore of iron, limestone, copper, asbestos and zinc. Mining has made up a large part of the Indian economy.
The Indian government took over the management of the coking and non-coking coal mines in seven states in 1971. BCCL (M / s. Bharat Coking Coal Limited) and CMAL (Coal Mines Authority Limited) took over the coal mines as national property . The two companies then merged and formed Coal India Limited in 1975.
Indian states like Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and some other areas in the center and south of the country are the main suppliers of coal.
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